Major Characteristics of Islamic Architecture

06/07/2021 religion recreation

Islam dates back to the 7th century and its architecture is one of the world’s most celebrated and recognized building traditions. Islamic architecture refers to architectural designs and styles that are associated with the Islamic religion. Islamic architecture comprises of designs, structure and construction of buildings in the Islamic culture. The Mosque, Palace, Islamic institutions, the Fort even the Tomb are typical examples of Islamic architecture. Islamic architecture showcases sophisticated pattern, colours that symbolize the Islamic culture.

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1• Minarets

Minarets are a part of Islamic architecture when it comes to building mosques. They are in form of a tower where the faithful Muslims are called for prayer, five times a day according to their beliefs and practices. The tower is where the muezzin of crier stays to make the prayer call and they are built adjacent to mosques. The minarets structure includes a base, shaft, head and a cap. They are tall buildings that have an onion-shaped crown.

2• Arches

These are structures that depict the entrance passage to buildings and rooms. They are different types of arch including Pointed arches, Multifoil arches, Ogee arches, Horseshoe arches and many more. Pointed Arches are the most common types of arches in Islam architecture. The four-centred arch was the commonest type of pointed arches, it was used in the Timurid Empire.

3• Domes

Domes are a part of the ceilings and roof of the mosque. Domes were firstly used in Mesopotamian Architecture. The Dome serves as a self-supporting structural element and it is used to make sound from the mosque, travel to large distances. There are different types of Dome used in Islamic architecture such as Onion domes, Bee-hive domes, Monolithic domes, Oval domes, Corbel domes, Geodesic Domes, Braced Domes, Crossed-Arch domes and many more.

4• Arabesques

Arabesques are ornaments used in Islamic architecture. It consists of a single design that is tiled or repeated seamlessly. They also include geometrical patterns, calligraphy and floral motifs. These three are oftentimes used together. In Islam, Arabesque depicts the power of Allah and also communicate a feeling of spirituality in humans. Arabesque represents art in Islam architecture and it dates back to 1000AD. Arabesque can be found in the walls of palaces, mosques, vessels, even on ceramic tiles and glassware.

5• Marqarnas

Marqarnas is an ornamented decorative vaulting in Islamic architecture. The Marqarnas is mostly designed in a “honeycomb” style and it is easily distinguishable from other parts of the building. Marqarnas are made of stone, brick, wood or plaster. The origin of Marqarnas dates back to the mid-tenth century in Central North Africa and North-Eastern Iran. Marqarnas is an ornamental design that disseminates the complexity and immensity of the Islamic religion.

6• Mihrab

Mihrab is a part of Islamic architecture that shows the direction of Qibla. It is a semicircular niche that is placed in the mosque’s wall. It even shows the direction of Kaaba in Mecca as it is the same direction the Muslims face when they pray.